Ube, or purple yam (Dioscorea Alata), has long been a favorite Filipino flavor. The last decade has seen his common but popular tuber achieve worldwide recognition as one of the most recognized flavors associated with Philippine cuisine.
The ube plant is a vine that is grown for its tuberous roots. In MOCA Family Farm RLearning Center in Padre Garcia, Batangas, the plant is trellised along a cyclone wire fence so that it fulfills both an agricultural and aesthetic purpose.
Trellising the ube vine
“Trellising is a good way to grow and propagate ube. Most of the time, for subsistence farming, they are made to grow against a tree,” Gigi Morris, the farm’s school director, says in Taglish.
The plant produces underground tuber roots, the part used in many Filipino dishes, including ube halaya, and small aerial tubers called bulbils or pups. “Bulbils will vary in size, from an inch to almost fistful size. They are also edible like the root crops we harvest, [but smaller], but can still be used creatively as an ingredient,” Morris says.
The bulbils appear earlier than the root tubers and can be used as a cooking ingredient and as planting material. “Not many people are aware that they can also start planting materials from its bulbil,” Morris says. “It is reproduced vegetatively from axillary buds on the mother plant’s stem. The young plants you can reproduce [from bulbils] are clones of the parent plant. This is why it is a good planting material [because] they have identical genetic material.”
Growing ube from a bulbil
Using a bulbil as planting material results in a clone of the mother plant. “It is always a good idea to select the biggest and healthiest bulbils as planting materials to start with to ensure better quality,” Morris advises.
Trellising them is also a good way to maximize their ability to produce crops and planting material. “The ube is still grown in soil and we are just trellising them for easy harvest both for planting materials and of course for our root crop harvest,” Morris says.
According to Morris, in their area, ube is usually planted at the beginning of the rainy season and its roots are available for harvest 10-12 months after. “It is pretty much available in the market around Feb-April,” she says.