Gardens are usually categorized into two types: residential and commercial. However, there are actually five kinds of gardens that vary in style, technique, locations and types of plants. Here they are:
This type of gardening has numerous benefits in terms of its flexibility in maintenance. This allows the gardener to have more options in the placement of plants, which is very helpful especially during a typhoon or the rainy season because the plants can be easily transferred indoors.
This is also great in an urban setting, whether indoors or outdoors. People living in condos, apartments, or in a high-rise building can grow their food, herbs, and flowers on their windows, balconies, or rooftop by gardening in pots or containers.
Weeds and soil-borne diseases are not a problem in container gardening as well. The grower has the capacity to control the sunlight, moisture, and temperature given to the plants. Aside from that, it also enables one to be creative in recycling household items that are usually disposed of like an old pitcher or a broken bathtub.
Raised Bed Gardening
This type of gardening enables elderly or disabled people to plant comfortably while seated, depending on how high the constructed raised bed is. Plants are easier to take care of because they can be reached and maintained by the gardener without having to bend down.
Through this gardening, you can grow ornamentals, edible, and medicinal plants, and the like on top of the built structures that are typically made of wood, stone, or concrete.
This is similar to container gardening as it allows the gardener to have full control of the soil that will be used for planting. The soil underneath where the raised bed is situated will not have an effect on the plants sown above. It also provides good drainage that keeps the soil warmer so it requires less maintenance compared to traditional gardens.
Houseplants have been seen in many houses and offices. Aside from beautifying rooms, this also improves indoor air quality as it purifies the air in enclosed areas. These are perfect if you are a beginner because they can be low maintenance and may not require much sunlight and water.
Water gardens can be as small as plants in a bowl with fishes or as large as ponds with waterfalls, filters, and plants. This garden is composed of water, aquatic plants, fishes and other aquatic life.
Usually, aquatic plants in this garden are wild celery, dwarf papyrus, water hyacinth, and water lettuce while common fishes include goldfish, mollies, guppies, and gambezi that’ll help eat mosquitoes. Snails will also help in eliminating the algae, fish waste, and decaying organic matter.
When putting up a water garden, you will need a watertight container, potted aquatic plants, pea gravel, and clean, fresh water. Plants must be a mixture of submerged, emergent plants, and floaters.
Community gardening is found in public spaces where people can rent a plot of land to plant ornamental, edible, or medicinal plants. This can help provide fresh produce to the community and can help in making public spaces greener and fruitful as well.
Knowing these types of gardening will help you identify which garden you would like to begin with if you are planning to build one in the future.